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Don't eat raw fish carelessly, this is the risk

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Fish can be served in a variety of dishes. One way to serve fish is to serve it raw. Quite a lot of people are used to and like to eat raw fish. One of the popular menus using raw fish is sashimi from Japan.

So what are the benefits of eating raw fish and are there any health risks behind it? Let's see the full explanation.

Don't eat raw fish carelessly, this is the risk

Benefits of eating raw fish

Some of the health benefits of eating raw fish include:

1. Maintain nutritional content

One of the main benefits of eating raw fish is that it retains its nutritional integrity, which can be damaged or diminished if the fish is cooked. One of them is omega-3 fatty acids which have many benefits, especially for heart and brain health. Cooking fish can reduce the amount of healthy omega-3 fatty acids.

2. Prevents the formation of contaminants

When fish is fried or grilled, not only does this process destroy certain types of nutrients but it can also introduce contaminants that build up when fish is cooked. For example, heterocyclic amine compounds that can increase the risk of cancer can be formed when fish is cooked over high heat such as fried or grilled.

Risks of eating raw fish

There is also a possible risk of eating raw fish, especially if the fish is stored or handled improperly. Some of these risks include:

1. Parasitic infection

Some types of raw fish can trigger parasitic infections. This risk is usually minimal in undercooked fish as parasites can be destroyed when cooked or frozen.

Some parasites cause no obvious acute symptoms but many parasites can cause serious problems in the long term.

Some of the main parasites that can be transmitted to humans after eating raw fish include:

1.1 Heartworm

Liver fluke infections can cause an enlarged liver, bile duct infections, gallbladder inflammation, gallstones, and liver cancer.

Fish tapeworm

If the body is infected with fish tapeworms, symptoms such as fatigue, stomach discomfort, diarrhea or constipation will appear. This condition is known as diphyllobothriasis.

1.2 Roundworm

Eating raw fish can also increase the risk of roundworm infection or what can be referred to as anisakiasis.

The Anisakis roundworm cannot live in humans for very long. However, they can become trapped and die within the intestinal wall and cause a severe immune reaction that causes inflammation, stomach pain, and vomiting.

2. Bacterial infection

Eating raw fish can also trigger bacterial infections, especially those caused by the bacteria Salmonella and Vibrio vulnificus . Salmonella is a bacteria that is more common in raw fish, while Vibrio vulnificus is a bacteria that is less common because it only lives in fish that live in warm seas.

3. Double quality of fish

Many shops claim their raw fish is fresh and of high quality. However, if you're not careful, you may end up getting fish of dubious quality.

4. Cross-contamination

Eating raw fish may be unsafe due to cross-contamination. This can happen even when high-quality fish comes into contact with objects such as knives or plates that have germs on them.

How to safely eat raw fish

So that you and your family can eat raw fish safely, here are some tips that you can do.

1. Choosing fish

When you are buying fish or other seafood make sure the fish is properly refrigerated to a maximum temperature of 4.4°C or properly packed with ice.

Look for fresh fish with meat that is shiny, tough, and doesn't have a "fishy" smell. You can ask the seller for help to choose if you think they are a trusted seller.

To reduce the risk of parasitic contamination, you can also buy fish that have been frozen.

2. When storage

If the fish is not consumed immediately, then wrap the fish properly and place it in an airtight container before placing it in the refrigerator.

Do not store fish for more than two days in the refrigerator or consider freezing it.

Store in storage at a maximum temperature of 4.44°C or lower.

3. During preparation

When you are preparing raw fish for consumption, separate raw and cooked foods, including using separate cutting boards and utensils.

Wash hands, cutting boards, plates and utensils thoroughly before and after handling raw fish

4. Eat at the restaurant

If you order raw fish at a restaurant, then make sure the restaurant has a trusted reputation and has been tested for cleanliness.

Read reviews from the internet or recommendations for places to eat quality raw fish

Don't be afraid to ask how they prepare the fish and keep it safe from parasites. The restaurant should be able to explain this to you properly.

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